Teenagers often struggle with acne, which can be both physically and emotionally distressing. Luckily, there are several over-the-counter acne medications available at pharmacies that can help treat and prevent breakouts. In this article, we will discuss the best acne medications for teenagers that are sold at pharmacies in 2023.
What is Acne?
Acne is a common skin condition that occurs when hair follicles become clogged with oil and dead skin cells. It usually appears as pimples, blackheads, or whiteheads on the face, chest, back, and shoulders.
Causes of Acne
Several factors can contribute to the development of acne, including hormonal changes during puberty, excess oil production, bacteria, and clogged pores. Genetic predisposition and certain medications may also play a role.
Effective Acne Medications for Teens
Benzoyl peroxide is one of the most commonly used acne medications for teenagers. It works by killing the bacteria that cause acne and reducing inflammation. Benzoyl peroxide is available in various forms, such as creams, gels, and washes. It is important to start with a low concentration and gradually increase it to minimize skin irritation.
Salicylic acid is another effective acne treatment for teenagers. It helps unclog pores, exfoliate the skin, and reduce inflammation. Salicylic acid is available in various forms, including cleansers, toners, and spot treatments. It is important to use it consistently for best results.
Retinoids are derived from vitamin A and are highly effective in treating acne. They work by unclogging pores, reducing oil production, and promoting cell turnover. Retinoids are available in prescription-strength creams and gels, as well as over-the-counter options. However, it is recommended to consult a dermatologist before using prescription-strength retinoids.
Sulfur is a natural mineral that has been used for centuries to treat acne. It helps absorb excess oil, unclog pores, and reduce inflammation. Sulfur is available in various forms, including masks, ointments, and spot treatments. It is important to follow the instructions carefully and avoid excessive use, as it can cause dryness and irritation.
Tea Tree Oil
Tea tree oil is a natural ingredient with antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties. It can help kill acne-causing bacteria and reduce redness and swelling. Tea tree oil is available in various concentrations and can be found in creams, gels, and spot treatments. It is important to dilute it before applying it to the skin, as it can cause irritation in its pure form.
Tips for Using Acne Medications
Cleanse and Moisturize
Before applying any acne medication, it is important to cleanse the skin gently using a mild cleanser. Afterward, apply a non-comedogenic moisturizer to keep the skin hydrated and prevent excessive dryness.
When using a new acne medication, start with a low concentration and gradually increase it to minimize skin irritation. It is also important to follow the instructions provided with the product and use it consistently for best results.
Avoid Picking or Squeezing
While it may be tempting to pop pimples, it can lead to scarring and further inflammation. It is best to avoid picking or squeezing acne lesions and instead focus on using the appropriate acne medications.
Treating acne takes time, and results may not be immediate. It is important to be patient and consistent with the chosen acne medications. If there is no improvement after several weeks, it may be necessary to consult a dermatologist for further evaluation and treatment options.
Acne can be a frustrating condition for teenagers, but there are several acne medications available at pharmacies that can help. Benzoyl peroxide, salicylic acid, retinoids, sulfur, and tea tree oil are all effective options for treating and preventing acne breakouts. Remember to cleanse and moisturize the skin, start slowly with new medications, avoid picking or squeezing acne lesions, and be patient with the treatment process. If acne persists or worsens, it is recommended to seek professional advice from a dermatologist.